You are here

Nature conservation

In a country with four seasons, nature always has something new and interesting to offer. To continue enjoying our versatile and northern natural environment in Estonia, it is vital to protect the delicate natural community.

Any person can contribute to the conservation of nature. In the hustle and bustle of everyday life it is important to keep our valuable natural environment in mind in order to take reasonable care of our surroundings and environment.

In 1994, Estonia ratified the Convention on Biological Diversity. It is the largest convention on nature conservation and covers all traditional aspects of nature conservation along with environmental protection covering anything from gene protection to the protection of ecosystems. The entire country is responsible for implementing this convention to sustain a healthy and habitable environment. This directive is the basis for the Estonian Nature Conservation Act.

On 31 December 2019, Estonia had a total amount of 3,883 protected natural sites:
  • 231 nature conservation areas;
  • 154 landscape conservation areas;
  • 6 national parks;
  • 59 protected areas with old protection regulation;
  • 512 parks and forest stands;
  • 319 special conservation areas;
  • 1,553 species protection sites;
  • 23 natural objects protected at the local government level;
  • 1,066 separate protected natural objects.


In Estonia, the total area under protection is 1, 611, 297 hectares, which makes up to 23% of the total area (including territorial sea). 19,4% of the land is under protection. Lääne County have the largest total protected areas (28,8%), whereas Põlva County has the smallest (8,2%).
Last updated: 18 March 2020

About Estonia

Get closer acquainted with Estonia, coming here for a visit, studies, business or investments!

Estonian Official Gateway

Get closer acquainted with Estonia and see what are the most important facts and main areas of activity here.

Digital Society

Estonia has
transformed itself into
one of Europe’s business success stories of the last decade, mainly thanks to the sophisticated e-solutions available here.